Commonly Used Dart Libraries
You can use many Dart libraries when writing your code. Dart libraries come from a variety of sources:
- Core libraries—such as dart:core, dart:async, and dart:collection—are distributed with the SDK and documented at the Dart API.
- Libraries shared with the Dart community are distributed as library packages, published at the Pub site. The pub tool allows you to create, publish, and manage library packages.
- Libraries from GitHub, a URL, or a local path can be included in your application. For more information, see Dependency sources, a section in Pub Dependencies.
- Local libraries are placed under the
/libdirectory of your application’s directory structure.
This document discusses the first two kinds of libraries, and tells you where to learn more about some of the most widely used Dart libraries.
Looking for web, server, or Flutter libraries? See Specialized libraries.
Dart SDK libraries
The SDK libraries (such as dart:core, dart:async, dart:math, dart:convert) contain the fundamental classes used in Dart applications. Classes that aren’t as universal are placed in packages outside of the SDK.
The library tour walks you through the libraries distributed with the SDK.
Commonly used packages
Developers have written some excellent packages for use by the Dart community. Here are some popular and useful packages, in alphabetical order:
|Package||Description||Commonly used APIs|
|http||A set of high-level functions and classes that make it easy to consume HTTP resources.||delete(), get(), post(), read()|
|intl||Internationalization and localization facilities, with support for plurals and genders, date and number formatting and parsing, and bidirectional text.||Bidi, DateFormat, MicroMoney, TextDirection|
|json_serializable||An easy-to-use code generation package. For more information, see JSON Support.||@JsonSerializable|
|logging||A configurable mechanism for adding message logging to your application.||LoggerHandler, Level, LogRecord|
|mockito||A popular framework for mocking objects in tests. Especially useful if you are writing tests for dependency injection. Used with the test package.||Answering, Expectation, Verification|
|path||Common operations for manipulating different types of paths. For more information, see Unboxing Packages: path.||absolute(), basename(), extension(), join(), normalize(), relative(), split()|
|quiver||Utilities that make using core Dart libraries more convenient. Some of the libraries where Quiver provides additional support include async, cache, collection, core, iterables, patterns, and testing.||CountdownTimer (quiver.async); MapCache (quiver.cache); MultiMap, TreeSet (quiver.collection); EnumerateIterable (quiver.iterables); center(), compareIgnoreCase(), isWhiteSpace() (quiver.strings)|
|shelf||Web server middleware for Dart. Shelf makes it easy to create and compose web servers, and parts of web servers.||Cascade, Pipeline, Request, Response, Server|
|stack_trace||Methods for parsing, inspecting, and manipulating stack traces produced by the underlying Dart implementation. Also provides functions to produce string representations of stack traces in a more readable format than the native StackTrace implementation. For more information, see Unboxing Packages: stack_trace.||Trace.current(), Trace.format(), Trace.from()|
|stagehand||A Dart project generator. WebStorm and IntelliJ use Stagehand templates when you create a new application, but you can also use the templates from the command line.||Generally used through an IDE or the
|test||A standard way of writing and running tests in Dart.||expect(), group(), test()|
|yaml||A parser for YAML.||loadYaml(), loadYamlStream()|
To find more packages, see the Pub site.
Packages that correspond to SDK libraries
Each of these “expansion pack” libraries builds upon an SDK library, adding additional functionality and filling in missing features:
|Package||Description||Commonly used APIs|
|async||Expands on dart:async, adding utility classes to work with asynchronous computations. For more information, see Unboxing Packages: async part 1, part 2, and part 3.||AsyncMemoizer, CancelableOperation, FutureGroup, LazyStream, Result, StreamCompleter, StreamGroup, StreamSplitter|
|collection||Expands on dart:collection, adding utility functions and classes to make working with collections easier. For more information, see Unboxing Packages: collection.||Equality, CanonicalizedMap, MapKeySet, MapValueSet, PriorityQueue, QueueList|
|convert||Expands on dart:convert, adding encoders and decoders for converting between different data representations. One of the data representations is percent encoding, also known as URL encoding.||HexDecoder, PercentDecoder|
|io||Contains two libraries, ansi and io, to simplify working with files, standard streams, and processes. Use the ansi library to customize terminal output. The io library has APIs for dealing with processes, stdin, and file duplication.||copyPath(), isExecutable(), ExitCode, ProcessManager, sharedStdIn|
This page doesn’t include some of the more specialized libraries that are covered elsewhere.
Learn more: Dart Webdev
If you write servers or command-line applications, check out dart:io and related libraries.
Learn more: server-side Dart
If you write mobile apps, check out Flutter. The core libraries distributed with the Flutter SDK are documented at docs.flutter. To import these libraries, follow the instructions in Importing libraries from packages.
Learn more: Flutter API
Use the following resources to learn more about libraries and library packages.
Importing and using libraries
- Using libraries, a section in the language tour
- Importing library files, a section in Create Library Packages
- Pub docs, particularly Pub Package Layout Conventions and Dependency sources
Creating library packages
Using specific libraries and packages
- A Tour of the Dart Libraries, which gives examples of many commonly used dart:* APIs.
- Unboxing Packages posts, written by written by Natalie Weizenbaum and published on the Dart news site. This page links to some of Natalie’s posts, but she covers other packages not mentioned here, such as stream_channel, vm_service_client, and json_rpc_2.